Singapore was known in the 13th to 14th century as Temasek, a name also recorded in Chinese sources as Dan Ma Xi, a country recorded as having two distinct settlements – Long Ya Men and Ban Zu. It changed its name to Singapura perhaps towards the end of 14th century.
Why was Singapore named Temasek?
Most Singaporeans would identify the earliest name of Singapore as Temasek, deriving from the Malay word for lake ‘Tasek’ because that is part of the history lessons taught in school. This old Javanese name, Temasek, hails from the 13th century and translates as Sea Town.
When did Singapore officially become a part of Singapore?
|Republic of Singapore show 3 other official names|
|• Self-governance||3 June 1959|
|• Malaysia Agreement||16 September 1963|
|• Proclamation of Singapore||9 August 1965|
|• ASEAN Declaration||8 August 1967|
What was Singapore before 1819?
ABOUT “SINGAPURA BEFORE 1819”
The earliest records in which Singapore is mentioned describe it as a thriving port in the 14th century. It was known by different names then: The Chinese traders called it Danmaxi (Temasik or Temasek), while in the Sejarah Melayu (The Malay Annals), it was called Singapura.
What was Singapore’s original name?
Possible mentions of Pulau Ujong, the name for the island of Singapore, may be found in Chinese works, and it was also referred to as Temasek in Malay and Javanese literature. Sometime in the 14th century the name was changed to Singapura, which is now rendered as Singapore in English.
What was Temasek like in the 14th century?
Temasek was a fortified city and trading centre in the 14th century. … In his work Daoyi Zhilüe, Wang described Long Ya Men as the two hills of Temasek that looked like “Dragon’s teeth” between which a strait runs, and wrote: The fields are barren and there is little padi …
Why did Singapore get kicked out of Malaysia?
On 9 August 1965, Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent and sovereign state. The separation was the result of deep political and economic differences between the ruling parties of Singapore and Malaysia, which created communal tensions that resulted in racial riots in July and September 1964.
What was Singapore before 1963?
Colony of Singapore
|Colony of Singapore (1946–1959) State of Singapore (1959–1963)|
|• Merger with the Federation of Malaysia||16 September 1963|
|Currency||British Malayan Dollar (1946-1953) Malaya and British Borneo dollar (1953-1963)|
What was Singapore called before 1965?
Early Singapore was called “Temasek”, possibly a word deriving from “tasik” (Malay for lake or sea) and taken to mean Sea-town in Malay.
Why did the settlers come to Singapore in the 1800s?
They consisted of Peranakans, who were descendants of early Chinese settlers, and Chinese coolies who flocked to Singapore to escape economic hardship in southern China. Their numbers were swelled by those fleeing the turmoil caused by the First Opium War (1839–1842) and Second Opium War (1856–1860).
When did Nila Utama found Singapore?
Among these, the character who probably looms the largest in the Singaporean imagination is Sang Nila Utama, the mythical prince of Palembang who founded the city of Singapura on the island of Temasik (Temasek) around 1299, about a century prior to the founding of Melaka by his descendant.
When did Singapore become independent?
Sir Stamford Raffles, in full Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, (born July 6, 1781, at sea, off Port Morant, Jam. —died July 5, 1826, London, Eng.), British East Indian administrator and founder of the port city of Singapore (1819), who was largely responsible for the creation of Britain’s Far Eastern empire.
Why is Singapore called the little red dot?
The term “little red dot” gained currency after the third Indonesian President B. J. (Bacharuddin Jusuf) Habibie was regarded as having criticized Singapore in an article published in the Asian Wall Street Journal of 4 August 1998. … He then said, “Singapore will help Indonesia within the limits of our ability.
How did Nila Utama found Singapore?
According to the Malay Annals, the emporium of Singapore was founded in 1299 by Sang Nila Utama. While hunting on Bintan, he spotted a stag and started chasing it up a small hill but, when he reached the top, the stag vanished. He then came to a very large rock and decided to climb it.
How old is SG in 2021?
Singapore turns 56 on 9 August 2021!