Weaving 4,800 km from its icy headwaters on the Tibetan Plateau, the river flows through steep canyons of China (the upper basin), through Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam (the lower basin), fanning out across the tropical lowlands of the Mekong Delta then draining into the South China Sea.
Where does the Mekong River drain?
Originating in the icy headwaters of the Tibetan highlands, the Mekong River flows through the steep canyons of China, known as the upper basin, through lower basin countries Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, and Cambodia, before fanning across an expansive delta in Vietnam and emptying into the South China Sea.
Where does the Mekong River meet the sea?
The lower Mekong, below the point where it forms the border between Myanmar and Laos, is a stream 1,485 miles (2,390 km) in length draining the Khorat Plateau of northeastern Thailand, the western slopes of the Annamese Cordillera in Laos and Vietnam, and most of Cambodia, before reaching the sea through the …
Where does the Mekong River begin and end?
It flows through many countries: China, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and finally Vietnam. The Mekong begins in the Lasagongma Spring which is in the plateaus of Tibet, disputed part of China, and flows about 2,703 miles (4,350 km) south-east to the South China Sea.
Where is the source of the Mekong end?
It originates in the “three rivers source area” on the Tibetan Plateau in the Sanjiangyuan National Nature Reserve.
Is the Mekong River saltwater or freshwater?
Species. The Mekong giant catfish can weigh up to 770 pounds and is the third largest freshwater fish on the planet. The Greater Mekong has no fewer than 20,000 species of plants, 1,200 bird species, 800 species of reptiles and amphibians, and 430 mammal species. Over 1300 new species have been catalogued since 1997.
What tributaries drain into the Mekong River?
The Se Kong, Se San, and Sre Pok (3S Basin) are the main tributaries entering on the left bank of the Mekong. The Tonle Sap River drains the Great Lake (or Tonle Sap Lake) into the Mekong River during the dry season and reverses its flow during the rainy season.
Why is Mekong River called the Mother of Waters?
The Mekong River is called the “mother of waters” because it is such a tremendous resource for such a large number of people.
Where does the Mekong River originate quizlet?
it originates in the Tibetan Plateau in China. From there, the river flows in a generally southerly direction along the border between Laos and Thailand, through Cambodia, and into southern Vietnam where it splits into several streams before it empties into the South China sea.
How was the Mekong River formed?
Granite samples collected from the Mekong River Valley reveal that the river’s path was incised roughly 17 million years ago, most likely by increased erosion from monsoon precipitation.
Which country controls the headwaters of the Mekong River?
China has constructed 11 giant dams along the mountainous territory of the Upper Mekong to sustain its ever-increasing energy needs. The management of water flows has long been a concern for many living along the river.
What direction does the Mekong River flow?
The Mekong River flows in a southern, southwestern, and southeastern direction through much of its course.
What is the Mekong River famous for?
From China to Vietnam, the Mekong River is the lifeblood of Southeast Asia and offers a glimpse into the long history and diverse cultures of the region. The 12th longest river in the world and the 7th longest in Asia, it flows through six countries: China, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam.
Why is the Mekong River important to Cambodia?
The Mekong contributes to Cambodia’s unique river system. In dry season, the Tonle Sap flows into the Mekong where the two rivers meet in Phnom Penh. … This reversal in flow of the Tonle Sap and the related flooding helps support Cambodia’s wildlife, rice farming, and even the stability of the Angkor Temple foundations.
Which river can be found in Pakistan?
The longest and the largest river in Pakistan is the Indus River. Around two-thirds of water supplied for irrigation and in homes come from the Indus and its associated rivers.