Southeast Asia’s landscape is characterized by three intermingled physical elements: mountain ranges, plains and plateaus, and water in the form of both shallow seas and extensive drainage systems.
What are the major geographical features of Asia?
Asia can be divided into five major physical regions: mountain systems; plateaus; plains, steppes, and deserts; freshwater environments; and saltwater environments. The Himalaya mountains extend for about 2,500 kilometers (1,550 miles), separating the Indian subcontinent from the rest of Asia.
What are the three main geographical features of South Asia?
The region is home to a variety of geographical features, such as glaciers, rainforests, valleys, deserts, and grasslands that are typical of much larger continents. It is surrounded by three water bodies – the Bay of Bengal, the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea – and has acutely varied climate zones.
What feature of Southeast Asia was most important for agriculture?
Rice is the staple food of most Southeast Asians, and flooded rice paddies dominate most agricultural landscapes in Southeast Asia. Rice is particularly prominent in floodplains and alluvial valleys, but terraced rice is also common in upland areas wherever irrigation water is available.
What geographic feature is South Asia?
South Asia is a subcontinent defined by high mountains and extensive coasts. Great river systems flow through much of South Asia. The Maldives and Sri Lanka are island countries that belong to South Asia. South Asia has half of the world’s twelve climate zones.
Is Asia’s geographical division useful?
The division of Asia into geographic regions is useful because it assists in categorizing the different countries and people of Asia, who vary…
In what part of South Asia is there a desert climate?
The desert zone covers much of the lower Indus Valley, in the borderlands of western India and southern Pakistan. The driest part of this area, the Thar Desert, gets very little rain—averaging 10 inches a year. The tropical wet zone is found along the western and eastern coasts of India and in Bangladesh.
What is the importance of South Asia?
The region is of strategic importance as it bridges the Indian Ocean to the Pacific in the East and the Mediterranean in the West. Furthermore, this region has emerged as a vital intersection of maritime trade, connecting the countries’ producers of natural resources with the consumers states.
What is the greatest resource of South Asia?
South Asia also has large iron-ore deposits, particularly in India’s Deccan Plateau. India is one of the world’s leading exporters of iron ore, which is also used in that country’s large steel industry. Other South Asian minerals include manganese, gypsum, chromium, bauxite, and copper.
What major geologic event helps explain the physical geography and location of South Asia?
Much of the impressive physical geographic features of South Asia are the result of tectonic activity. Between 40 and 50 million years ago, the Indian Plate collided with the Eurasian plate (Figure 8.1. 2).
Which of the following were important crops in colonial Southeast Asia?
The lands of Southeast Asia were perfect for plantation agriculture. The major focus was on sugar cane, coffee, cocoa, rubber, coconuts, bananas, and pine- apple. As these products became more important in the world trade markets, European powers raced each other to claim lands.
What is the most important crop grown in East Asia?
Rice is the staple food crop for most Asians. Asia produces some 90 percent of the world’s total supply of rice.
What is the most common livelihood in Southeast Asia?
Agriculture. Agriculture is the main source of livelihood in every country in the region except Brunei and Singapore. Agricultural employment, however, has been declining. More than two-thirds of the workforces of Cambodia and Laos practice agriculture.
Why are monsoons important to life in South Asia?
In South Asia, the monsoon season runs from June through September. … As winter ends, warm, moist air from the southwest Indian Ocean heads towards South Asia; the summer monsoon brings humidity and torrential rainfall. The South Asia monsoon season is vital for agriculture and livelihoods in the region.
What are the characteristics of Southeast Asia?
The physical characteristics of the mainland zone are long coastlines, plains, and several rivers. The island zone has jungles, shallow seas, and different-sized islands. Most southeast Asians are Buddhist or Muslim, and most people practice the concept of karma in their daily lives.
What makes South Asia unique?
Pristine beaches, compelling history, sprawling rice terraces, and an abundance of activities to suit every type of traveler – Southeast Asia has these things in spades. It’s also steeped in rich, ancient customs and traditions that are remarkably different from those of the West.