The Vietnamese rejected French rule for pretty much the same reason that the American colonies rejected British rule. The reason for that is that the Vietnamese wanted to be free and independent just like people from just about every country want to be.
What were the reasons for Vietnamese to resist with the French?
Some people argue that nationalism, rather than communism, was the main factor that caused the Viet Minh to fight the French for control of Vietnam. Viet Minh Communist-led nationalist movement to gain Vietnam’s independence from French colonial rule.
What did the French do to the Vietnamese?
Vietnamese land was seized by the French and collectivised into large rice and rubber plantations. Local farmers were forced to labour on these plantations in difficult and dangerous conditions.
How did Vietnam defeat the French?
On May 7, 1954, the French-held garrison at Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam fell after a four month siege led by Vietnamese nationalist Ho Chi Minh. After the fall of Dien Bien Phu, the French pulled out of the region. … The United States would not pull out of Vietnam for another twenty years.
Who led resistance to French colonization and oppression in Vietnam?
A new national movement arose in the early 20th century. Its most prominent spokesman was Phan Boi Chau, with whose rise the old traditionalist opposition gave way to a modern nationalist leadership that rejected French rule but not Western ideas, science, and technology.
Who controlled Vietnam before the French?
Before the French came to Indochina, Vietnam, the Khmer Empire (Cambodia), and the Laotian Kingdom (Laos) were independent countries. Vietnam had been ruled by neighboring China for hundreds of years, but after centuries of resistance the Vietnamese people overthrew their Chinese rulers and became independent.
Why did the French fail in Vietnam?
The French lost their Indochinese colonies due to political, military, diplomatic, economic and socio-cultural factors. The fall of Dien Bien Phu in 1954 signalled a loss of French power. … The events of WWII, including the defeat, humiliation and compromise of the French, galvanized the revolutionary movements.
Why did French established the French school for Vietnam?
Reason for New Education Policy :
(i) The elites in Vietnam were powerfully influenced by Chinese culture. To consolidate their power, the French had to counter this Chinese influence. So they systematically dismantled the traditional educational system and established French schools for the Vietnamese.
How did the Vietnamese react to French colonialism?
French colonists and the heads of ‘bandits’ (Vietnamese rebels). The French were not the first conquerors of Vietnam, so the Vietnamese people were no strangers to resisting foreign domination. Vietnamese resistance to French colonialism was energetic and determined, if not always successful.
How were the French defeated?
In northwest Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh’s Viet Minh forces decisively defeat the French at Dien Bien Phu, a French stronghold besieged by the Vietnamese communists for 57 days. … In November 1953, the French, weary of jungle warfare, occupied Dien Bien Phu, a small mountain outpost on the Vietnamese border near Laos.
Why did the French lose the Battle of Dien Bien Phu?
Arrogance. Ignorance. Poor planning. These were the weapons with which French commanders fought the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, and with which they ensured their own defeat.
Why were the French confident that they would win the war against the Viet Minh?
They were confident that after few months and placing strongholds to control the “turbulent” areas the situation would go back to normal. The French army was trained to fight a traditional warfare of attacks and tactical maneuvers quite far from the hit and run tactics of the Vietminh.
Why did the Vietnamese want independence?
In early 1945, Japan ousted the French administration in Vietnam and executed numerous French officials. When Japan formally surrendered to the Allies on September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh felt emboldened enough to proclaim the independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
What resources did France want from Vietnam?
Beginning in the 1930s, France began to exploit the region for its natural resources and to economically diversify the colony. Cochinchina, Annam and Tonkin (encompassing modern-day Vietnam) became a source of tea, rice, coffee, pepper, coal, zinc and tin, while Cambodia became a centre for rice and pepper crops.
Was Vietnam a French colony?
Vietnam became a French colony in 1877 with the founding of French Indochina, which included Tonkin, Annam, Cochin China and Cambodia. (Laos was added in 1893.) The French lost control of their colony briefly during World War II, when Japanese troops occupied Vietnam.