It is ironic that a country with a looming water crisis like the Philippines is actually rich in water resources. The country has 421 river basins, 72 lakes and numerous streams and creeks that altogether represent 86.2 percent of the country’s total water resource potential (Table 2).
What is the status of water resources in the Philippines?
2.4, the Philippines has a total freshwater resource of about 146 billion m3 in which 86% is from surface water and the remaining 14% is from groundwater.
Is the Philippines rich in freshwater?
Philippines is a country richly endowed with natural resources, including abundant surface and groundwater resources. … However, despite the vastness of this potential supply, the country has a low freshwater availability per capita and experiences water-related problems.
Why is water resource a problem in the Philippines?
Although the country has sufficient amount of water resources, it was found out that water availability is still threatened by some major water resources problems: increasing water demand due to drastic growth in population, water resources pollution, droughts and flooding and weak institutional framework to address …
How many water resources are there in Philippines?
Water resources of the Philippines include inland freshwater (rivers, lakes, and groundwater), and marine (bay, coastal, and oceanic waters).
Is the water in the Philippines clean?
Within the Philippines, this concept manifests in that 91% of the country’s estimated 100.7 million population have access to basic water services, but access is highly inequitable across the country, with regional basic water services access ranging from 62% to 100%. …
Why is the Philippines abundant in water?
The Philippines’ main sources of water are rivers, lakes, river basins, and groundwater reservoirs. … Its groundwater reserves are 47,895 million cubic meters replenished by rainfall and seepage from rivers and lakes. The lakes are utilized mainly for fish cultivation.
How much of the Philippines is water?
In the Philippines, 91% of the country’s estimated 100.7 million population have access to at least basic water services; but access is highly inequitable across the country, with regional basic water services access ranging from 62% to 100%.
How much groundwater resource is available in the Philippines?
Groundwater is replenished or recharged by rain and seepage from rivers. It contributes 14 percent of the total water resource potential of the Philippines.
What are natural resources in the Philippines?
This situation provides a legal framework for theft of land from indigenous and local communities. The country is rich in gold, copper, chromite, silver, nickel, cobalt, and other minerals. Coal and limestone are also abundant.
How do Filipinos get their water?
Furthermore, Filipino residents living in rural areas have a higher chance in consuming water from an unimproved source as compared to those living in urban communities. … The top 3 water sources in the Philippines are: water refilling station/bottled water/sachet water; piped into dwelling; and, tube well/borehole.
How many people in the Philippines don’t have clean water?
More than 3 million people in the Philippines rely on unsafe and unsustainable water sources and 7 million lack access to improved sanitation. Despite its growing economy, the Philippines faces significant challenges in terms of water and sanitation access.
What are the advantages of the Philippines having rich bodies of water?
Apart from the wealth of natural resources on and under its land, the Philippine archipelago harbors the highest marine biodiversity in the world, including the highest number of fish species and marine mammals.
Why is the water red in the Philippines?
Rapid increase in population, urbanization and industrialization reduce the quality of Philippine waters. Red tide usually occurs when high organic loading from rivers drain into bays resulting in harmful algal blooms (HABs). …
How bad is the pollution in the Philippines?
Air pollution has long been seen as a problem in the Philippines. In 2018, a studyby the World Health Organisation reported that there were 45.3 airpollution-related deaths for every 100,000 people in the Philippines.
Where does Manila water get water?
The main sources of Metro Manila’s water supply are the Angat, Ipo, and La Mesa Dams. The water from these dams are then processed by the La Mesa and Balara Treatment Plants, which converts it from a raw state to clean and potable water.