The Philippines has an exclusive economic zone that covers 2,263,816 square kilometers (874,064 sq mi) of sea. It claims an EEZ of 200 nautical miles (370 km) from its shores. This is due to the 7,641 islands comprising the Philippine archipelago.
How many nautical miles is the Philippines?
Those 12 nautical miles constitute the country’s territorial sea. Anything within the 12 nautical mile area is Philippine territory, which means that anyone or anything within that zone is subject to Philippine laws.
How many nautical miles is the West Philippine Sea?
The area is located 124 nautical miles west of Zambales and is within the Republic’s 200 nautical-mile Exclusive Economic Zone and the Philippine Continental Shelf.
How many nautical miles covered by the Philippines sovereignty?
Carpio explained: “Under international law, the Philippines has sovereignty over its territorial sea (12 nautical miles), and jurisdiction over its EEZ (beyond 12 nautical miles up to 200 nautical miles).
What is the 12 nautical mile limit?
The territorial sea extends to a limit of 12 nautical miles from the baseline of a coastal State. Within this zone, the coastal State exercises full sovereignty over the air space above the sea and over the seabed and subsoil.
Does Philippines have EEZ?
The Philippines has an exclusive economic zone that covers 2,263,816 square kilometers (874,064 sq mi) of sea. It claims an EEZ of 200 nautical miles (370 km) from its shores.
How many nautical miles is Scarborough Shoal from the Philippines?
Scarborough Shoal is a rock in the South China Sea, approximately 120 nautical miles west of the Philippine island of Luzon.
What is the 200 nautical mile limit?
The U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) extends no more than 200 nautical miles from the territorial sea baseline and is adjacent to the 12 nautical mile territorial sea of the U.S., including the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands …
How many seas are there in the Philippines?
Three prominent bodies of water surround the archipelago: the Pacific Ocean on the east, the South China Sea on the west and north, and the Celebes Sea on the south.
How many islands Philippines have?
Located in the Pacific Ocean near the equator, the Republic of the Philippines consists of around 7,640 islands — about 2,000 of which are inhabited — that form an archipelago.
Why are territorial waters 12 miles?
For a long time, territorial seas stretched as far as a state could exercise control from land. … With the negotiation of the 1982 United Nations Law of the Sea Convention, the allowed breadth of a territorial sea claim was extended to 12 nautical miles (22 kilometers).
How far offshore are international waters?
They generally extend about 200 nautical miles from the shore of a country, and are broken into different sections in which the particular country has various rights.
How many miles is one nautical mile?
Nautical miles are used to measure the distance traveled through the water. A nautical mile is slightly longer than a mile on land, equaling 1.1508 land-measured (or statute) miles. The nautical mile is based on the Earth’s longitude and latitude coordinates, with one nautical mile equaling one minute of latitude.
Which country has the largest territorial waters?
Due to its numerous overseas departments and territories scattered on all oceans of the planet, France possesses the largest EEZ in the world, covering 11.7 million km2.
What are the territorial limits of the Philippines?
The Philippines, being entirely surrounded by the sea, is the only Southeast Asian country which shares no land boundaries with its neighbors. The total land area of the Philippines is 300,055 square kilometres which stretches for 1,850 kilometres from north to south while spanning 1,100 kilometres from east to west.
Why does the Philippines use the straight baseline method to determine its territorial sea?
The Philippines needs to establish archipelagic baselines mainly 1) for the purpose of ensuring the national security and territorial integrity of the more than 7,100 islands and waters comprising the Philippine archipelago; and 2) for economic reasons, to enable the Philippines to establish the different maritime …