Best answer: What is the natural environment like in Malaysia?

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Malaysia has a tropical rainforest climate due to its proximity to the equator. The country is hot and humid all year round, with an average temperature of 27 °C (80.6 °F) and almost no variability in the yearly temperature.

What type of forest is in Malaysia?

Major forest types in Malaysia include the lowland dipterocarp forest, the hill dipterocarp forest, the upper hill dipterocarp forest, the oak-laurel forest, the montane ericaceous forest, the peat swamp forest and the mangrove forest.

What are the main environmental problems in Malaysia?


  • Endangered species.
  • Deforestation.
  • Pollution.
  • Reclamation.
  • Recycling and Waste Management.

How much of Malaysia is covered in rainforest?

Today an estimated 18% of Malaysia’s forest is virgin forest. Malaysian rainforests support over 5,500 species of flowering plants, 2,600 species of tree and over 1,000 species of butterfly. Of the 203 species of mammals, 78% live only in forests.

What is the climate and geography of Malaysia?

Located near the equator, Malaysia’s climate is categorised as equatorial, being hot and humid throughout the year. The average rainfall is 250 centimetres (98 in) a year and the average temperature is 27 °C (80.6 °F).

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What is the natural vegetation of Malaysia?

The characteristic vegetation of Malaysia is dense evergreen rainforest. Rainforest still covers more than two-fifths of the peninsula and some two-thirds of Sarawak and Sabah; another fraction of the country is under swamp forest. … The flora of the Malaysian rainforest is among the richest in the world.

What trees grow in Malaysia?


  • Areca gurita.
  • Areca triandra.
  • Bamboo orchid.
  • Dacrydium gibbsiae.
  • Dipterocarpus acutangulus.
  • Dipterocarpus caudatus.
  • Dipterocarpus confertus.
  • Dipterocarpus conformis.

How has the environment changed in Malaysia?

For Malaysia, the temperature changes range from +0.70C to +2.60C, while precipitation changes range from -30% to +30%. Climate change in Malaysia showed this phenomenon have negative impacts on human habitats such as agriculture, forests, water resources, coastal resources, health and energy sector.

Is Malaysia eco friendly?

Agoda’s recent Sustainable Travel Trends Survey revealed that Malaysia was among the top three markets most likely to look for eco-friendly accommodations, with travellers pledging to travel sustainably by prioritising eco-conscious accommodation and being more mindful about their energy consumption during their …

What is the environmental policy in Malaysia?

Malaysia’s environment and resource management is guided by the National Policy on the Environmental (NEP) which was launched on October 2, 2002. The goal of the policy is to promote economic, social and cultural progress through an environmentally sound and sustainable development.

Is Malaysia rich in natural resources?

Malaysia is rich in mineral resources, and mining (including petroleum extraction) accounts for a significant portion of GDP, although it employs only a tiny fraction of the workforce. The major metallic ores are tin, bauxite (aluminum), copper, and iron.

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What is deforestation Malaysia?

Deforestation in Malaysia is a major environmental issue in the country. Between 1990 and 2010, Malaysia lost 8.6% of its forest cover, or around 1,920,000 hectares (4,700,000 acres). Logging and land clearing, particularly for the palm oil sector, have been significant contributors to Malaysia’s economy.

Why does Malaysia have deforestation?

Deforestation and forest degradation in Malaysia is a complex phenomenon with varying causes. So far, however, the focus is largely on direct or proximate causes like industrial logging, large-scale commercial oil palm plantations and agribusiness, road construction and large dams.

What are Malaysia natural resources?

Natural Resources: Malaysia’s most economically significant natural resource is tin; its tin deposits are the most extensive in the world. Other important natural resources are bauxite, copper, gold, iron ore, natural gas, petroleum, and timber.

Does Malaysia have 4 seasons?

Climate of Malaysia

The four seasons of the climatic year are the northeast monsoon (from November or December until March), the first intermonsoonal period (March to April or May), the southwest monsoon (May or June to September or early October), and the second intermonsoonal period (October to November).

Is Malaysia a poor country?

Malaysia is one of the most open economies in the world with a trade to GDP ratio averaging over 130% since 2010. … Having revised its national poverty line in July 2020, 5.6% of Malaysian households are currently living in absolute poverty.