The island is largely mountainous and has high peaks rising above 8,000 ft (2,438 m). A coastal lowland lies to the east and northeast of the mountain zone. Southwest of Mindoro is the Calamian Group of islands, with the long, narrow island of Palawan beyond them.
Is the Philippines flat or mountainous?
The terrain ranges from coastal plains to rugged mountains bordered by the South China Sea in the west and the Cordillera Central and Zambales mountain ranges in the east. Western Luzon is known for its beaches, surf spots and historic towns.
Is the Philippines mountainous?
Introduction. The Philippines is one of the world’s largest archipelago nations. It is situated in Southeast Asia in the Western Pacific Ocean. … With its topography consisting of mountainous terrains, dense forests, plains, and coastal areas, the Philippines is rich in biodiversity.
What is the Philippines terrain like?
The topography of the islands is mostly mountainous with narrow to large coastal lowlands, depending on the island. … The Philippines, like many other tropical island nations, has problems with deforestation and soil and water pollution.
What kind of landform are the Philippines?
The Philippines is an example of an archipelago. It is made up of three big groups of islands – Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. There are 10 biggest islands in the Philippines.
Why Philippines is mountainous?
All of the Philippine Islands are volcanic in origin, and as a result the country is very mountainous. The northern part of Luzon Island is extremely rugged. … The valley of the Cagayan River separates this eastern range from a large mountain complex to the west, the Cordillera Central.
What are the mountain system in the Philippines?
The Caraballo Mountains, or the Caraballos, is a mass of mountains sprawled on the central part of Luzon Island, between the Cordillera Central and Sierra Madre, two of the major mountain ranges of the Philippines. … Mount Palali in Nueva Vizcaya comprises the highest point of the Caraballo Mountains.
How many mountains does Philippines have?
There are 3134 named mountains in Philippines. The highest and the most prominent mountain is Mount Apo.
How are Philippine mountains formed?
The southward movement of the Asian landmass formed the shallow China Sea and crumpled the edge of the continental shelf. The crests of the folds produced in the submerged ridge created the elongated mountain ranges of the Northern Philippine islands. … Islands were formed and the Philippine archipelago was born.
What is the most prominent mountain range in the Philippines?
The Sierra Madre, extending along the Pacific coast from northern to central Luzon, is the longest mountain range in the country. That range and the Cordillera Central merge in north-central Luzon to form the Caraballo Mountains.
What are the boundaries of the Philippines?
The Philippine archipelago is bounded by the Philippine Sea to the east, the Celebes Sea to the south, the Sulu Sea to the southwest, and the South China Sea to the west and north.
What are the 3 geographical areas in the Philippines?
The country can be grouped geographically into the three major islands groups: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. Accounting for 47 percent of the total land area, Luzon is the largest island group and is situated in the north.
What is the geographical center of the Philippines?
Marinduque is considered as the geographical center of the Philippine archipelago by the Luzon Datum of 1911, the mother of all Philippine geodetic surveys.
What is the largest plain in the Philippines?
Central Luzon contains the largest plain in the country with its agricultural plains accounting for about 40% of the region’s area. It produces most of the country’s rice supply, earning itself the nickname “Rice Bowl of the Philippines or Rice Granary of the Philippines”.
In what continent does Philippines located?
The Philippines is located in Southeast Asia, on the eastern rim of the Asiatic Mediterranean. It is bounded in the west by the South China Sea; in the east by the Pacific Ocean; in the south by the Sulu and Celebes Seas; and in the north by the Bashi Channel. Its capital and main port of entry is Manila.
What makes Philippines a unique nation?
1. The Philippines is made up of 7,641 islands, making it one of the largest archipelagos in the world. … The Philippines is the only Asian nation that is predominantly Christian. While many of its Southeast Asian neighbors practice Buddhism, 86 percent of the Filipino population is Roman Catholic.