There are 13 state syariah law departments and one syariah law department for the Federal Territories.
How many courts are there in Malaysia?
The hierarchy of courts begins from the Magistrates’ Court, Sessions Court, High Court, Court of Appeal, and finally, the Federal Court. The jurisdiction of the courts in civil or criminal matters are contained in the Subordinate Courts Act 1948 and the Courts of Judicature Act 1964.
Which states in Malaysia have Sharia law?
Sharia is applied on some matters throughout the country and has been applied in a more extreme manner in two Malaysian states, Kelantan and Terengganu.
What is the difference between civil and Syariah courts?
The civil courts were established as federal courts to deal with federal matters, whereas the Syariah courts are provided for in the Federal 5 Constitution as state courts that can be established to deal with matters of Islamic law.
Is there Sharia law in Malaysia?
Islamic law refers to sharia law, and in Malaysia it is known and spelled as syariah. The court is known as the Syariah Court. Looking at the Malaysian legal system as a whole, sharia law plays a relatively small role in defining the laws on the country. It only applies to Muslims.
What is the lowest court in Malaysia?
The hierarchy of courts of Malaysia starts with the Magistrates Court as the first level followed by the Sessions Court, High Court, Court of Appeal and the Federal Court of Malaysia.
What are the superior courts in Malaysia?
The superior courts of Malaysia comprise the Federal Court, which is the apex court, the Court of Appeal and the High Court of Malaya and the High Court of Sabah and Sarawak. The two High Courts, which are of co-ordinate jurisdiction, further branch out into “local jurisdictions”.
Does Indonesia have Sharia law?
Indonesia. Aceh is the only part of Indonesia to apply Sharia to criminal law. Islamic courts in Aceh had long handled cases of marriage, divorce and inheritance. After special autonomy legislation was passed in 2001, the reach of courts extend to criminal justice.
Does Sharia law apply to foreigners Malaysia?
Malaysia’s Muslims are subject Sharia laws in accordance with the Criminal Jurisdiction Act of 1965. … The law allows for provincial implementation and regulation of sharia. Authorities in Aceh have stated that Sharia does not apply to non-Muslims, foreigners, or Muslim Indonesians not resident in Aceh.
Does Malaysia use Islamic law?
In Malaysia, Islamic law and customary law were the law of the land long before English law became prominent, as under the current system. According to the Federal Constitution, Islamic law is a matter falling within the State List, meaning that the State Legislatures are empowered to enact the law.
What is syariah law Malaysia?
Syariah (the Malay spelling of “Sharia”) refers to Sharia law in Islamic religious law and deals with exclusively Islamic laws, having jurisdiction upon every Muslim in Malaysia. … Unlike the civil courts in Malaysia, which is a federalised court system, the Syariah Court is primarily established out of state law.
What is the highest law in Malaysia?
The Federal Constitution of Malaysia (Malay: Perlembagaan Persekutuan Malaysia) which came into force in 1957, is the supreme law of Malaysia and it contains a total of 183 Articles.