Answer: the Spratly Islands, located off the coast of the Philippines and Malaysia. This region has been claimed by both of these nations as well as China, Vietnam, Brunei and Taiwan. … This is due to the islands’ rich marine ecosystem, gas and oil deposits, and ideal location for military strategies.
Who has the strongest claim on Spratly Islands?
Today, six Asian nations-the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, Vietnam, Taiwan and the People’s Republic of China-vigorously assert claims of sovereignty over all or parts of the Spratlys.
What is special about Spratlys island?
The Spratlys are spread out over a vast area of ocean measuring some 158,000 square miles (409,000 square km). A great number of them are submerged. … Another, called Spratly Island or Storm Island, measures 900 by 1,500 feet (275 by 450 metres). Turtles and seabirds are the only wildlife.
What claim do the Philippines have over the South China Sea?
The Philippine claims to sovereignty over the features known as Scarborough Shoal and the KIG are independent of its archipelagic status both legally and historically. Because Scarborough Shoal is a feature which exists above high tide, it is capable of [sovereign] appropriation under international law.
Who has sovereignty over the Spratly Islands?
9 The representatives of the Republic of Vietnam declared its sovereignty over the Spratly Islands and the Paracel Islands in the San Francisco Peace Conference of 1951; China was not invited to participate.
What are the countries having disputes at Spratly Islands?
The Spratly islands dispute is a regional maritime territorial sovereignty dispute which involves six countries in the South China Sea – China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei.
Who discovered Spratly Island?
Named after the 19th-century British whaling captain Richard Spratly who sighted Spratly Island in 1843, the islands contain less than 2 km2 (490 acres) of naturally occurring land area, which is spread over an area of more than 425,000 km2 (164,000 sq mi).
What is the issue between China and Philippines?
The maritime dispute between China and the Philippines is simmering against the backdrop of strategic competition between Beijing and Washington. To keep tensions below boiling point, Manila should push for a Code of Conduct in the South China Sea as well as greater regional cooperation.
Who owns Kalayaan Group of islands?
Republic Act No. 9522, which defined the archipelagic baselines of the Philippines, claimed sovereignty over the Kalayaan Island Group under Section 2, sub-paragraph A which described the territory as a “Regime of Islands”—a concept defined in the United Nation Convention on Law of the Sea for similar bodies of land.
Why does the Philippines claim Sabah?
The Philippines, presenting itself as the successor state of the Sultanate of Sulu, retains a “dormant claim” on Eastern Sabah on the basis that the territory was only leased to the British North Borneo Company in 1878, with the sovereignty of the Sultanate (and subsequently the Republic) over the territory never …
What is the claim of the Philippines?
The Philippines claim the in the South China Sea as part of its territory. The country claims that these maritime features fall within its exclusive economic zone (EEZ). The Philippines’ claimed EEZ in the eastern portion of the South China Sea is designated as “West Philippine Sea” by the Philippine government.
Who really owns the West Philippine Sea?
West Philippine Sea is the official designation by the Philippine government of eastern parts of the South China Sea which are included in the Philippines’ exclusive economic zone.
Why is the 9 dash line problematic?
China’s 9 dash line is an invalid territorial claim because:
It is illegal. It endangers the sovereignty of multiple states with exclusive economic zones in the south china sea.
Are the Spratly islands man made?
Located in the South China Sea, over 3,000 acres of artificial islands called Spratly islands were created for industrial and military purposes. These islands created a dramatic environmental change in the area which damaged large amounts of living coral reefs (2,000 acres).
What caused the West Philippine Sea disputes?
The Chinese occupation of Scarborough Shoal is an invasion of Philippine territory, giving rise to a territorial sovereignty dispute. However, the Philippines could not bring China to compulsory arbitration on a territorial sovereignty dispute without China’s consent.