Why does the Mekong Basin matter to the US?

Mekong countries are key diplomatic, economic, and security partners for the United States. The US has allocated more than $2 billion in development assistance to bilateral and regional initiatives in the Mekong over the last decade. … To date, the US government has provided more than $120 million for LMI programming.

Why is the Mekong important?

From its source in the Tibetan Plateau to its end in Vietnam, the Mekong River is a critical source of drinking water for the millions of people who live in its watershed.

Why is the Mekong River so geographically important?

It is the major transportation highway and supplier of life for most of Southeast Asia—with five cities over 100,000 and one-third of the populations of THAILAND, LAOS, CAMBODIA, and Vietnam (60 million people) in the lower Mekong basin—yet much of it is still undeveloped (the first bridge was built in 1993, between …

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Why is the Mekong Delta important?

The Mekong Delta is also Vietnam’s most important fishing region. It has almost half of Vietnam’s capacity of offshore fishing vessels (mostly in Kien Gian with almost 1/4, Bến Tre, Cà Mau, Tiền Giang, Bạc Liêu).

Why is Mekong important to China?

The Mekong River provides water, energy and food to six countries in South-East Asia. … China has built 11 of the world’s largest dams on its portion of the river, with plans to construct several more. Those dams store more than 47 billion cubic metres of water and can generate more than 21,000 megawatts of electricity.

What is the importance of the Mekong River to Laos?

The Mekong River connects China, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam physically and economically. The river is a lifeline for the entire basin, sustaining economies and livelihoods across the entire region.

How does the Mekong River help the economy?

The river provides key resources such as water, sediment and nutrient flows and wild fisheries. … From an economic perspective, the countries of the Mekong River are connected by physical flows (such as water, sediment and fish), as well as trade in economic goods (such as food, electricity and manufactured products).

Why is the Mekong River important to Myanmar?

Mekong Flows Along Troubled Myanmar’s East As it winds its way to the South China Sea, the Mekong River runs along Myanmar’s remote and often troubled Shan state. The repressive military government in Yangon controls parts of the state, while ethnic militias and warlords rule the others.

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What is Mekong Basin?

The Mekong River is one of the world’s great rivers. Covering a distance of nearly 5,000 km from its source on the Tibetan Plateau in China to the Mekong Delta, the river flows through six countries: China, Myanmar, Thailand, Lao PDR, Cambodia and Viet Nam.

What are advantages of Mekong River to ancient Khmer?

This meant that Khmer farmers could triple or even quadruple their yearly amount of rice harvests, giving agricultural stability in a volatile and unreliable climate. Inland agricultural areas expanded for large-scale rice production – it’s thought they harvested over 50 million rice paddies in the Mekong River basin.

What is the Mekong River known for?

In total, more than 60 million people depend on the Mekong for most facets of their daily lives. The river supports one of the most diverse fisheries in the world and is known for hosting various species of large fish; the biggest include the giant river carp, freshwater stingray, Siamese giant carp, and giant catfish.

What is the main effect of climate change in Mekong Delta Vietnam?

Warmer and wetter. Across the Greater Mekong region, temperatures have risen by 0.5 to 1.5 ºC in the past 50 years and continue to rise. More frequent and severe droughts and floods are already causing extensive damage to property and loss of life.

Where is the Mekong River basin?

The Mekong’s drainage basin covers 795,000 km²

23% is located in Thailand, 21% in China, 20% in Cambodia, 8% in Vietnam, and the remaining 3% is in Myanmar. From its source in China to the border with the Lao PDR, the river drops very rapidly – 4,500 meters.

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Why is the Mekong River called the mother of all rivers?

The Mekong River is called the “mother of waters” because it is such a tremendous resource for such a large number of people.