By then, Raffles and his party had concluded in a survey that Singapore was an ideal location. Not only did it have abundant drinking water and a natural sheltered harbour formed by the mouth of the Singapore River, the island was also strategically placed along the British trade route leading to the Straits of China.
How did Singapore become a British trading port?
In 1819, British statesman Stamford Raffles negotiated a treaty whereby Johor allowed the British to locate a trading port on the island, ultimately leading to the establishment of the crown colony of Singapore in 1867. … Singapore became an independent republic on 9 August 1965.
Who really founded Singapore?
Modern Singapore was founded in the 19th century, thanks to politics, trade and a man known as Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles.
Why did the British need a new trading settlement?
British : afraid that profitable China trade would be affected if Dutch controlled more areas in the Malay Archipelago.
When was Singapore founded?
On 9 August 1965, Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent and sovereign state. The separation was the result of deep political and economic differences between the ruling parties of Singapore and Malaysia, which created communal tensions that resulted in racial riots in July and September 1964.
Why did Singapore get kicked out of Malaysia?
The union was unstable due to distrust and ideological differences between the leaders of Singapore and of the federal government of Malaysia. … These culminated in the decision by Malaysian Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman to expel Singapore from the Federation, and on 9 August 1965, Singapore became independent.
What is Singapore old name?
Sometime in the 14th century the name was changed to Singapura, which is now rendered as Singapore in English. Singapura means “Lion City” in Sanskrit, and Sang Nila Utama is usually credited with naming the city, although its actual origin is uncertain.
Who sold Singapore to the British?
On 6 February 1819, Stamford Raffles, Temenggong Abdu’r Rahman and Sultan Hussein Shah of Johor signed a treaty that gave the British East India Company (EIC) the right to set up a trading post in Singapore.
What was Singapore originally known as?
Singapore was known in the 13th to 14th century as Temasek, a name also recorded in Chinese sources as Dan Ma Xi, a country recorded as having two distinct settlements – Long Ya Men and Ban Zu. It changed its name to Singapura perhaps towards the end of 14th century.
When did Great Britain colonize Singapore?
Colony of Singapore
|Colony of Singapore (1946–1959) State of Singapore (1959–1963)|
|• 1959–1963||Lee Kuan Yew|
|Historical era||British Empire|
|• Dissolution of the Straits Settlements||1 April 1946|
|• Labuan transferred to North Borneo||15 July 1946|
How did the British resolve the dispute over Singapore?
Under the territorial clauses, the Netherlands ceded all its factories in India to Britain, withdrew all objections to the British occupation of Singapore, and ceded Melaka (Malacca) and all its dependencies to Britain. In return, Britain ceded Benkulen (Bencoolen) and all its possessions in Sumatra to the Netherlands.
Why is Raffles the true founder of Singapore?
Besides signing the treaty with Sultan Hussein Shah of Johor on 6 February 1819 that gave the British East India Company the right to set up a trading post in Singapore, Raffles made several other contributions that helped establish Singapore as a thriving settlement.
How did Singapore get her name?
However, the original legend was that a long time ago, a 14th century Sumatran prince spotted an auspicious beast upon landing on the island after a thunderstorm, which he was told was a ‘lion’. Thus, the name Singapore comes from the Malay words “Singa” for lion and “Pura” for city.
Is Singapore a country Yes or no?
Singapore is a sunny, tropical island in Southeast Asia, off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula. Singapore is a city, a nation and a state.
Is Singapore Religious?
Singapore is home to 10 religions – Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity are the primary religions of Singapore, while Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Sikhism, Jainism, and others form the minority cluster.
Religion in Singapore – A Melting Pot of Cultures.
|Religious Community||Population Percentage|