Why are there mines in Cambodia?

Why does Cambodia have so many landmines?

Landmines were laid in Cambodia by the Vietnamese, the Cambodian government and the brutal Khmer Rouge in the 1980s and ’90s and continue to have a devastating impact on the people of Cambodia.

When were landmines placed in Cambodia?

Landmines laid during the ousting of the Khmer Rouge in 1979 and throughout the 80s and 90s have had a devastating impact on the people of Cambodia. Over 64,000 casualties and more than 25,000 amputees have been recorded since 1979.

Why are there mine fields?

In military science, minefields are considered a defensive or harassing weapon, used to slow the enemy down, to help deny certain terrain to the enemy, to focus enemy movement into kill zones, or to reduce morale by randomly attacking material and personnel.

What is mined in Cambodia?

Due to a lack of comprehensive geological surveys, the size of exploitable mineral resources in Cambodia is not clear, but in the past the Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy (today the Ministry of Mines and Energy, MME) has stated that copper, gold, iron ore, zinc, lead, tin, bauxite, sapphire, ruby, kaolin and …

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Why are mines a real danger in Cambodia?

It exposes the vulnerability of the health system and the lack of a support strategy. For a family with a very low income, to have a member lose a limb and no access to good health care, and no governmental aid makes the dangers of land mines a much heavier burden on the Cambodian community.

Where did Cambodian land mines come from?

Most of the land mines in Cambodia were planted between 1985 and 1989, when the Vietnamese-allied government installed a “bamboo curtain” against the invading Thai and Khmer Rouge along the Thai-Cambodia border in the northwest.

Why does Egypt have so many landmines?

Moreover, in Egypt agriculture is one of the mainstays of the economy. Landmines are planted in fields, around wells, water sources, and hydroelectric installations, making these lands unusable or usable only at great risk.

Is Cambodia safe?

OVERALL RISK : MEDIUM

Overall, Cambodia is a safe country, but there are extremely high rates of both petty crime and violent crime. You should be vigilant and take all possible precaution measures in order to minimize the risk of something going wrong.

What produces Cambodia?

In addition to rice, other food products include cassava, corn (maize), sugarcane, soybeans, and coconuts. The principal fruit crops, all of which are consumed locally, include bananas, oranges, and mangoes, and are supplemented by a variety of other tropical fruits, including breadfruits, mangosteens, and papayas.

Are Bouncing Betty’s real?

“Bouncing Bettys”, or S mines, were originally developed by Germany during WWII. It is basically a regular hand grenade with a small charge to lift it about 3 feet in the air before exploding.

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Are there any minefields in the US?

The United States does not have any of these land mines in its inventory, defense officials said. In recent decades, the United States has produced “smart” or nonpersistent mines that can be set to self-destruct in a certain number of minutes, hours or days after they are deployed.

What natural resources does Cambodia have?

Cambodia’s key natural resources include gemstones, gas, oil, phosphates, manganese, iron ore and timber. In 2010, the country’s industrial mineral sector produced an increasing amount of crushed stone and sand and gravel.

Why are rat mine sniffers needed in Cambodia?

Cambodia has deployed its next generation of rat recruits to sniff out landmines as part of efforts to boost de-mining operations in a country plagued for decades by unexploded ordnance (UXO). Twenty African giant pouched rats were recently imported from Tanzania and have undergone intense training.

What are 3 difficulties Cambodian landmine victims face?

Individual difficulty in relationships and daily functioning is considerable, and the landmine victim faces social stigmatization, rejection and unemployment.