The climate of Indonesia is almost entirely tropical. The uniformly warm waters that make up 81% of Indonesia’s area ensures that temperatures on land remain fairly constant, with the coastal plains averaging 28 °C, the inland and mountain areas averaging 26 °C, and the higher mountain regions, 23 °C.
What kind of environment does Indonesia have?
The environment of Indonesia consists of 17,508 islands scattered over both sides of the equator. Indonesia’s size, tropical climate, and archipelagic geography, support the world’s second highest level of biodiversity after Brazil.
What is Indonesia classified?
Geographically speaking, Indonesia should be considered part of Asia. It is almost exclusively considered a Southeast Asian country. The fact that Indonesia does have two provinces on the Island of New Guinea (Papua and West Papua) does complicate the whole continent issue slightly.
What is Indonesia doing for the environment?
Recognizing the domestic and international importance of its tropical landscape and the people in it, the Indonesian government has made encouraging decisions; it has voluntarily committed to a minimum 26% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 and developed a strategy for land use and forestry emissions, …
What are Indonesia’s environmental issues?
Issues include large-scale deforestation (much of it illegal) and related wildfires causing heavy smog over parts of western Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore; over-exploitation of marine resources; and environmental problems associated with rapid urbanisation and economic development, including air pollution, traffic …
Is Indonesia environmentally friendly?
Based on successful implementation of the Energy Mix Policy, Indonesia’s National Climate Change Council has calculated that Indonesia has the potential to reduce GHG emissions by 2.3 Gt by 2030, equal to 7% of global GHG emissions reduction, as required by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Why is Indonesia so polluted?
Contributors to poor air quality in Indonesia include the mining and oil and gas industries, automobile manufacturing, vehicle emissions, and forest fires. Seasonal variations exist, with the highest levels of air pollution occurring during the dry season (June to October) due to forest fires.
What is Indonesia climate?
Indonesia’s climate is largely hot and humid, with rainfall occurring mostly in low-lying areas and mountainous regions experiencing cooler temperatures. The cities of Jakarta, Ujung Padang, Medan, Padang, and Balikpapan have an average minimum temperature of 22.8°C and a high of 30.2°C.
How do you describe Indonesia?
Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. It consists of five major islands and about 30 smaller groups. The islands are located at a crossroads between two oceans, the Pacific and Indian Oceans, and straddles two continents, Asia and Australia/Oceania.
What is Indonesian known for?
Nowadays, Indonesia is famous for its diverse and multicultural islands, from deeply religious Aceh in the north; to the country’s center of government in Java; to the tropical paradise of Bali; and all the way down to the province of Papua on the border with independent Papua New Guinea.
How does Indonesia protect the environment?
Environmental protection in Indonesia is principally regulated by Law No. … 9 of 2015), which grants regional autonomy to regional Governments, including the protection of the environment, implementing regulations of the Environmental Law are formulated at national as well as regional level.
What causes Indonesian climate change?
In 2019 Indonesia is estimated to have emitted 3.4% of world greenhouse gas emissions: from deforestation, peatland fires, and fossil fuels.
Is Indonesia a clean country?
Many analysts have described Indonesia as having among the worst water quality in Asia. Several cities and towns have inadequate and unclean water sources that have reached critical levels.
How is Indonesia affected by climate change?
Global warming takes its course in Indonesia with surface temperatures increasing from 0.2 to 0.3 of a degree Celsius per decade. This impacts precipitation patterns, causing a wetter climate in Sumatra and Kalimantan but drier seasons in Java, Bali and Nusa Tenggara.
What are Indonesia’s natural resources?
The most important minerals found and produced in Indonesia are tin, bauxite, nickel, gold and copper.