What is Dalang in Indonesia?

What is dalang in Indonesian theater?

The dhalang or dalang (Javanese: dhalang; Indonesian and Malay: dalang) is the puppeteer in an Indonesian wayang performance. In a performance of wayang kulit, the dalang sits behind a screen (kelir) made of white cotton stretched on a wooden frame.

What is the purpose of dalang in wayang kulit?

In wayang kulit, the puppets are moved behind a white cotton or unbleached muslin screen by a dalang, or “puppetmaster”. The dalang presides over the shadow play as its sole controlling performer who tells the story, and interprets characters and dialogue using a variety of voices.

What are Indonesian puppets called?

Wayang, also known as wajang (Javanese: ꦮꦪꦁ, romanized: wayang), is a traditional form of puppet theatre play originated on the Indonesian island of Java.

What is kelir?

Definition of kelir in the Malay dictionary

leather curtain, curtain for movie show; 2.

What is the origin of dalang?

Dalang are found in areas which have been influenced by Java, including Central and East Java, Sunda (West Java), Bali, Lombok, Sumatra, Kalimantan and areas of the Malay Peninsula. Wherever the Javanese have migrated dalang are found – from Suriname (in South America) to Irian Jaya (today, Papua).

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What is the language used of dalang?

The dalang speaks not only in the familiar vernacular languages of Indonesian and Javanese, but also at times in Old Javanese and even Sanskrit—languages which are not intelligible to the human audience but are meant to be understood by the invisible audience.

What makes dalang the most important element of wayang kulit?

The puppeteer is the most important element of the Wayang Kulit. His job is to entertain and teach. With that in mind, he tells captivating stories that capture his audience’s attention for hours. The dhalang must have an impeccable memory and a quick mind.

What are the functions of the dalang gamelan puppets in wayang play?

The puppets are believed to have great spiritual power, and are “brought to life” by special ceremonies performed by the dalang, the puppet master and story teller.

What does the Indonesian term wayang mean?

By The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica | View Edit History. wayang, also spelled Wajang, (Javanese: “shadow”), classical Javanese puppet drama that uses the shadows thrown by puppets manipulated by rods against a translucent screen lit from behind.

What are the 2 forms of puppet in Indonesia?

In fact, there are many different styles of puppetry from Indonesia. The two most popular are Wayang Kulit (shadow puppets) and Wayang Golek (rod puppets)

What are the seven types of puppets?

Here’s a list of the most commonly used:

  • Finger Puppets.
  • Hand Puppets.
  • Glove Puppets.
  • Shadow Puppets.
  • Rod And Arm Puppets.
  • Marionettes.
  • Stick Puppets.
  • Ventriloquist Puppets.

What is nang shadow puppet?

Nang yai (Thai: หนังใหญ่, pronounced [nǎŋ jàj]) is a form of shadow play found in Thailand. Puppets are made of painted buffalo hide, while the story is narrated by songs, chants and music. Nang means “leather” (“leather puppet” in this case), and in common usage refers to a dance-drama shadow puppet show.

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What do puppeteers use?

A puppet is an object, often resembling a human, animal or mythical figure, that is animated or manipulated by a person called a puppeteer. The puppeteer uses movements of their hands, arms, or control devices such as rods or strings to move the body, head, limbs, and in some cases the mouth and eyes of the puppet.

What is the hammer used by the Dalang to knock on the puppet box?

the puppeteer, dhalang. a mallet used by the dhalang to knock on the puppet box, cempala.