Cambodia produces about 400,000 tonnes of freshwater fish per year, the majority of which comes from Tonlé Sap. These fisheries account for 16 percent of national GDP, making the fish industry not only essential to the diet of local populations but to the Cambodian economy as a whole.
Why is the Tonle Sap lake important for Cambodia?
The Tonle Sap and the inland waters system in Cambodia support some 500,000 tons of fish each year, and the flooded forests purify water and buffer communities from storms — an increasingly important benefit as climate change makes extreme weather more frequent. …
What is Tonle Sap known for?
Tonle Sap Lake is well-known for being one of the world’s most vibrant ecosystems. As itis home to a massive number of many different species of wildlife in and around the lake. Besides that, its fascinating local communities and their floating villages are also what attract most tourists.
What natural resources does Cambodia have?
Cambodia’s key natural resources include gemstones, gas, oil, phosphates, manganese, iron ore and timber. In 2010, the country’s industrial mineral sector produced an increasing amount of crushed stone and sand and gravel.
How many people live on Tonle Sap lake in Cambodia?
The population of the Tonle Sap lake consists of 170 villages with a total population of 80,000 people. There are no permanent human settlements inside the Prek Toal core area, although five villages are located on the boundary of the Core Area, including the floating village of Prek Toal.
Is Tonle Sap a natural lake?
“Fresh River” or commonly translated as “Great Lake”) is a seasonally inundated freshwater lake, Tonlé Sap Lake, and an attached river, the 120 km (75 mi) long Tonlé Sap River, that connects the lake to the Mekong River.
|Settlements||Siem Reap, Battambang|
Why the Tonle Sap is important to the people living on and around the Tonle Sap?
In Khmer, ‘Tonle’ means freshwater and ‘Sap’ means lake. … In fact, the Tonle Sap is one of the most productive fishing lakes in the world, supporting over three million people and providing over 75 percent of Cambodia’s annual inland fish catch and 60 percent of Cambodians’ protein intake.
Why does the Tonle Sap River change directions?
Monsoon winds from the southwest bring a rainy season to Southeast Asia between May and October every year. The Mekong River swells so much that the Tonle Sap River is actually forced to flow backward, northward away from the sea. It’s the only river in the world that goes both ways.
Why is the Tonle Sap such a rich fishery?
The main reason for the enormous wealth of fish in Cambodia is the monsoon, which each year swells the rivers and creates a flood of water that inundates the highly productive floodplains. … The Tonle Sap floodplain at maximum inundation varies considerably in size from year-to-year (roughly between 10 000-15 000 km2).
What animals live in Tonle Sap Lake?
The Tonle Sap Great Lake floodplain supports more than half of the world population of a Critically Endangered bird, the Bengal Florican. There are also many other threatened or important species including Sarus Crane, White-shouldered Ibis, and Greater Adjutant.
What are the natural resources?
Natural resources are materials from the Earth that are used to support life and meet people’s needs. Any natural substance that humans use can be considered a natural resource. Oil, coal, natural gas, metals, stone and sand are natural resources. Other natural resources are air, sunlight, soil and water.
What are the economic resources of Cambodia?
Cambodia’s two largest industries are textiles and tourism, while agricultural activities remain the main source of income for many Cambodians living in rural areas. The service sector is heavily concentrated on trading activities and catering-related services.
Which of these resource is most abundant in Cambodia?
The main energy source in Cambodia is wood, accounting for 80% of national energy consumption (UNEP, 2010).
How deep is the Tonle Sap?
Both Siamese crocodiles (Crocodylus siamensis) and saltwater crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus) once occurred side-by-side in the lake, and there is thought to be inter-species breeding amongst the crocodiles found in the floating farms on the western part of the Lake in and around Prek Toal.
How deep is the Tonle Sap in the wet season?
During the rainy season from mid-May to beginning October, the water level of the Mekong River is four times higher than in the dry months. Large water quantities flow via the Tonle Sap River in the Tonle Sap Lake, the surface of which can reach up to 16,000 sq. km. Its maximum depth then is about 14 m.