Following world-wide anti-colonial sentiment and France’s loss of control of Indochina during the First Indochina War against the Viet Minh, the Kingdom of Laos was granted full independence in the Franco-Lao Treaty of 1953, reaffirmed in the 1954 Geneva Conference which ended French control of all of Indochina.
How did Laos gain independence from France?
In 1950, the French were forced to give Laos semi-autonomy as an “associated state” within the French Union. France remained in de facto control until 22 October 1953, when Laos gained full independence as a constitutional monarchy.
When did Laos gain their independence?
1893-1939. The French Protectorate of Laos established two (and at times three) administrative regions governed from Vietnam in 1893. It was not until 1899 that Laos became centrally administered by a single Resident Superieur based in Savannakhet, and later in Vientiane.
What did the French do in Laos?
The French language was introduced to Laos in the 19th century when French explorers arrived in Laos trying to make inroads into China after colonizing Vietnam. The French did not pay much attention to the kingdom of Lan Xang but established a consulate in present-day Luang Prabang.
How did Vietnam fight for independence from France?
When Japan formally surrendered to the Allies on September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh felt emboldened enough to proclaim the independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam. … In response, the Viet Minh launched an attack against the French in Hanoi on December 19, 1946—the beginning of the First Indochina War.
What countries colonized Laos?
Colonization by the French from the late 19th to the mid-20th century infused Laos with a European cultural element, which intensified throughout the country’s embroilment in World War II and the Indochina wars, as well as a civil war of its own in the second half of the 20th century.
How did France colonize Laos?
French Colonization of Laos
Between 1893 and 1907, they took control of Laos—incorporating it into French Cochin China along with Vietnam and Cambodia—through a series of treaties with the Siamese, British and Chinese. … The French gave Laos its name and its present borders.
Is Laos controlled by Vietnam?
Laos and Vietnam are both members of ASEAN, whose key regulations forbid political intervention in other members’s internal affairs. … The Laotian People’s Revolutionary Party is a Communist-influenced from Vietnamese Communist Party. Both of them are ruling two countries, respectively.
Why was Laos involved in the Vietnam War?
The US became involved in Laos in the early 1960s, in order to prevent the Viet Cong using Laotian territory for bases and supplies. US planes bombed Laos extensively between 1964 and 1973. 5. The cessation of US bombing in 1973 allowed the Pathet Lao to tighten its grip on Laos.
Where did the Lao People come from?
The Lao people were a tribe originally from Yunnan, China, who were pushed south to the border of the Khmer empire in the 13th century. The first Lao kingdom, called Lan Xang or “land of the million elephants,” was founded by Fa Ngum in 1353.
Why did France aggressively colonize Indochina?
One of the reasons the French gave for expanding their colonial empire throughout the world was to spread this civilization to “inferior” native peoples. The French made many changes in Vietnam. They modernized the country by building railroads connecting the major cities.
Did Laos used to be part of Thailand?
The Lao kingdom of Lan Xang included all of northeastern Thailand as recently as the early 18th century. … Thailand’s northeastern region, Isan, has particularly strong Lao roots.
Why did France want Laos?
Under the French rule, the Vietnamese were encouraged to migrate to Laos, which was seen by the French colonists as a rational solution to a practical problem within the confines of an Indochina-wide colonial space.
How many French speak in Laos?
The French is used as a dialect for business and diploma and a third of students (about 35%) in Laos learn this language. In fact, the spoken French in Laos is based on standard Parisian French but there are some minor differences in vocabulary in comparison to other French dialects of Asia.
Was Vietnam a French colony?
Vietnam became a French colony in 1877 with the founding of French Indochina, which included Tonkin, Annam, Cochin China and Cambodia. (Laos was added in 1893.) The French lost control of their colony briefly during World War II, when Japanese troops occupied Vietnam.