Frequent question: Why is Indonesia a mountainous country?

Tectonic movement in this fault is responsible for the creation of the Sunda Trench, and mountain ranges across Sumatra, Java, and the Lesser Sunda Islands. Many great earthquakes occurred in the vicinity of the fault, such as the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake.

Is Indonesia a mountainous country?

Indonesia’s other islands are smaller in size. The country is predominantly mountainous with some 400 volcanoes, of which 100 are active. There are three Standard Time Zones in Indonesia: Sumatra, Java and West & Central Kalimantan are 7 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+7)

What are the geographical features of Indonesia?

Most of Indonesia is coastal lowlands, with the larger islands having interior mountains . About 12.34 percent of the country is good for agriculture (compared to 21 percent in the U.S.) and most of this arable land is located on Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi and the islands of Nusa Tengarra.

Why is Indonesia’s population so high?

The population of Indonesia has long been known to be in the 4th position of the world and the third in Asia. … This population density occurs due to high birth rates and the lack of family planning programs, the number of Indonesian population ranks fourth in the world reached 238 million people.

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What is the terrain of Indonesia?

Indonesia Geography

Geographic Location Southeast Asia
Terrain mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains
Highest Point 5,030 Meters
Highest Point Location Puncak Jaya 5,030 m
Lowest Point Location Indian Ocean 0 m

Why is Indonesia called the Emerald of the Equator?

People refer the green and lush rainforests of Indonesia as “zamrud” (emerald), the name of a verdant precious stone. Since Indonesia lies along the equator, the rest of the name was thus ordained!

Why Indonesia is named after India?

Although Indonesia did not become the country’s official name until the time of independence, the name was used as early as 1884 by a German geographer; it is thought to derive from the Greek indos, meaning “India,” and nesos, meaning “island.” After a period of occupation by the Japanese (1942–45) during World War II, …

What are the major landforms in Indonesia?

Straddling the equator, this exotic archipelago encompasses myriad landforms, such as lowlands, mountains and volcanoes. The four largest landmasses are Borneo, Sumatra, New Guinea and Java.

What are the natural boundaries of Indonesia?

Borders of Indonesia

  • The borders of Indonesia include land and maritime borders with Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, and Timor Leste, as well as shared maritime boundaries with Australia, India, Palau, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
  • Indonesia shares a land border with Malaysia on the island of Borneo.

How would you describe Indonesia?

Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. It consists of five major islands and about 30 smaller groups. The islands are located at a crossroads between two oceans, the Pacific and Indian Oceans, and straddles two continents, Asia and Australia/Oceania.

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How fertile is Indonesia?

The current fertility rate for Indonesia in 2021 is 2.260 births per woman, a 0.88% decline from 2020. The fertility rate for Indonesia in 2020 was 2.280 births per woman, a 0.87% decline from 2019.

Is Indonesia poorer than India?

With a nominal gross domestic product (GDP) of $2.6 trillion, India is a significantly bigger economy than Indonesia ($1.01 trillion). … Consequently, its nominal per-capita GDP ($1,983 in 2017) is significantly lower than Indonesia’s ($3,876).

Is Indonesia better than India?

Indonesia ranks in the top 60-80 per cent in education, asset building, financial intermediation and corruption. While India fares better than Indonesia on growth rates of per capita GDP and labour productivity, its poverty and public debt to GDP rates are far higher than those of Indonesia.

What is the altitude of Indonesia?


Country Elevation
Indonesia 367 m (1,204 ft)
Iran 1,305 m (4,281 ft)
Iraq 312 m (1,024 ft)
Ireland 118 m (387 ft)

What is Indonesia best known for?

Nowadays, Indonesia is famous for its diverse and multicultural islands, from deeply religious Aceh in the north; to the country’s center of government in Java; to the tropical paradise of Bali; and all the way down to the province of Papua on the border with independent Papua New Guinea.

What is the main culture of Indonesia?

Indonesia is centrally-located along ancient trading routes between the Far East, South Asia and the Middle East, resulting in many cultural practices being strongly influenced by a multitude of religions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, and Islam, all strong in the major trading cities.

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